From tax cuts for green home improvements to reduced fuel duty, here’s how the Spring Statement will affect homeowners and renters this year.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak’s Spring Statement 2022 contained few measures that will impact the housing market directly.
But with households feeling the squeeze from the rising cost of living and higher interest rates, the concessions that were announced will be welcomed by homeowners and renters alike.
Even so, there were few big giveaways, and with people’s budgets remaining under pressure, activity in the housing market is likely to slow, while demand for rental homes could increase.
Here’s a rundown of the main announcements from the Spring Statement.
One of the few measures announced by the Chancellor that has a direct impact on property was the news that VAT will be scrapped on energy-saving technology, such as solar panels, heat pumps, insulation and wind turbines.
The move will reduce the cost of purchasing these devices by 5%. As a result, the Chancellor estimates that someone installing solar panels will save £1,000, while their energy bills will be reduced by £300 a year.
With households already facing rising energy, food and petrol bills, many had been dreading the rise in National Insurance contributions from 12% to 13.25% in April.
While Sunak has not reversed the increase in the rate, he has offset it for some by increasing the threshold at which contributions start, raising it from £9,880 to £12,570 from July.
The move means 70% of people will pay less National Insurance than they do now, with Sunak estimating the typical employee will be £330 a year better off.
However, those earning more than £40,000 a year will be worse off, with those earning £50,000 annually paying just over £100 a year more than they do now.
In a further sweetener, the Chancellor announced plans to cut the basic rate of income tax from 20% to 19% in 2024, but that is still two years off.
Winners: homeowners and renters earning less than £40,000
The announcement that fuel duty will be cut by 5p was welcome news for struggling motorists reeling from record prices at the pumps.
Even so, the concession only partially offsets the increase to petrol and diesel prices seen since the start of the Ukraine crisis.
The move will save the average motorist just £100 a year, or £8 a month, according to the Chancellor.
While the fuel duty cut will help homeowners and renters, particularly those in rural areas who do not have the option of using public transport, it isn’t much to get excited about.
Winners: homeowners and renters who own vehicles
This was not part of the Spring Statement, but documents accompanying it showed that future changes to student loan repayments will save the Treasury a notional £11.2 billion in the coming tax year, due to the way student loans appear in government accounts.
Under the changes, students in England starting university in 2023 will have to begin repaying their student loan when their income reaches £25,000 a year, rather than £27,295 currently.
The term over which they have to repay the debt before it is written off will also increase from 30 years to 40 years, although the rate of interest they have to pay will be reduced.
The move will mean that unlike under the current system where only a quarter of students are expected to repay their student loan in full, 70% are likely to do so under the new one.
The move is expected to save the government an average of £6,200 for every student who has taken out a loan, according to the Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Losers: those with student debts who would not previously have reached the repayment threshold or repaid their loans within 30 years, likely first-time buyers
Despite the concessions unveiled, there was no significant help for households with the rising cost of living.
For example, there were no additional increases to the Universal Credit or basic state pension to take account of the high rate of inflation.
Instead figures from the Office of Budgetary Responsibility (OBR), which accompanied the Spring Statement, suggest the situation is likely to get worse.
It predicts inflation – the rate at which the cost of living is rising – will average 7.4% this year and peak at 8.7%. It is currently running at a 30-year high of 6.2%.
The OBR warned that real household disposable income is set to drop by 2.2% per person in the coming year, the biggest fall since records began.
While measures to reduce the impact of a hike in National Insurance contributions and the fuel duty cuts are welcome, in reality, the savings for consumers are small and are likely to do little to offset the rising cost of living people are now facing.
Richard Donnell, executive director at Zoopla, thinks the rising cost of living will impact the rental market by causing people to stay where they are and delay getting on the housing ladder.
He said: “Those most affected by higher energy and household bills may choose to stay put in their existing rental home, as the d
emand for rental property has led average rents for new lets to rise around 8% on the year.
“At the same time, the rising cost of mortgages could mean that more renters put off their first step onto the housing ladder, staying in the rental sector for longer.
“All of this will increase demand for rental properties, while the supply of homes for rent is constrained, underlining the importance of policies to support the provision of rental homes at every level of affordability.”
Meanwhile, pressure on homeowners’ budgets could also deter people from trading up the property ladder.
While the housing market started the year on a strong footing, demand is expected to cool in the face of economic headwinds, leading to slower price growth.
Overall, we forecast house prices will end the year just 3% higher than they started, significantly down on the growth of 7.4% recorded on 2021.